Iowa and Federal law prevent discrimination based on race, color, gender, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, and age. Additionally, Iowa law specifically prevents discrimination on based on sexual orientation or gender identity, which is not protected under federal law. If an employer takes an adverse employment action against you that is motivated by one of these protected classes, you may have a claim for employment discrimination. Adverse employment actions include many things, for example, a demotion, failure to hire or promote, disciplinary action, or termination. Discrimination is not usually an overt action but rather something that happens without anyone acknowledging why your employment experience is different from your coworkers.